|2/2015 - 2|
The Effect of Images on Surface Potential and Resistance Calculation of Grounding SystemsMARTINS, A. , MARIANO, S. , CALADO, M.
|Click to see author's profile in SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (897 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 844 | Views: 3,762|
electric potential, electricity supply industry, grounding, moment methods, standards
systems(13), analysis(10), power(9), soils(7), soil(7), layer(5), transmission(4), model(4), method(4), earth(4)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2015-05-31
Volume 15, Issue 2, Year 2015, On page(s): 9 - 16
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2015.02002
Web of Science Accession Number: 000356808900002
SCOPUS ID: 84979819401
In the grounding systems with a two layers soil, the calculation of the surface potential using the image method is sometimes impossible due to singularities, avoiding researchers to use the method for electrodes in the bottom layer. In the literature this problem solution is refereed as unreliable or solved with other more complex methods. This paper presents a new approach to calculate the surface potentials in a two. layer soil, for electrodes in the bottom layer, when images are at surface. The singularities in computing surface voltage, when the first image upwards lies at surface, are analysed and it's shown that a small change in top layer thickness allows an approximate solution. Surface potentials due to grid conductor are also considered and the values of resistance are compared with those from other methodologies. Singularities for a ground rod that crosses the two layers are also treated. The obtained values of resistance are not satisfactory, due to lower segments images that overlap the upper segments. This paper also proposes shifting the surface of the upper part of the ground rod, in the upper layer, or taking the modulus of the mutual resistance, to overcome this difficulty.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| S. Berberovic, Z. Haznadar, Z. Stih, "Method of Moments in analysis of grounding systems," Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 351-360, 2003. |
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 16]
 C. Sharma, S. De Four, "Parametric analysis of grounding systems in two-layer earth using Galerkins Moment Method", in Proc. IEEE/PES P-Trans. Distrib. Conf., Dallas, TX, 21-24 May 2006, pp. 541-547.
 I. Colominas, J. Gomez-Calvino, F. Navarrina, M. Casteleiro, "A general numeric model for grounding analysis in layered soils," Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 33, no. 7-10, pp. 641-649, 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 12]
 I. Colominas, F. Navarrina, M. Casteleiro, "A Numerical formulation for grounding analysis in stratified soils," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 587-595, 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 40] [SCOPUS Times Cited 57]
 I. Colominas, J. Aneiros, F. Navarrina, M. Casteleiro, "A BEM formulation for computational design of grounding systems in stratified soils," in Proc. 4th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, Buenos Aires, Argentine, 29 June-2 July 1998, pp. 1-17.
 U. Adriano, O. Bottauscio, M. Zucca, "Boundary Element approach for the analysis and design of grounding systems in presence of non-homogeneousness," IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 360 - 366, May, 2003.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 12]
 T. Islam, Z. Chik, M. M. Mustafa, and H. Sanusi, "Estimation of soil electrical properties in a multilayer earth model with Boundary Element formulation," Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2012, pp. 1-13, 2012.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 2] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]
 L. M. Coa, "Comparative study between IEEE Std.80-2000 and Finite Elements Method application for grounding system analysis," in Proc. IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 15-18 August 2006, pp. 1-5.
 J. Ma, F. P. Dawalibi, R. D. Southey, "On the equivalence of uniform and two-layer soils to multilayer soils in the analysis of grounding systems," IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 49-55, January 1996.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 21] [SCOPUS Times Cited 26]
 Liu, Theethayi, Thottappillil, Gonzalez, Zitnik, "An improved model for soil ionization around grounding systems and its application to stratified soil," Journal of Electrostatics, vol. 60, no. 2-4, pp. 203-209, 2004.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 15] [SCOPUS Times Cited 29]
 Enrique Mombello, Oscar Trad, Jorge Rivera, Alberto Andreoni, "Two-layer soil model for power station grounding system calculation considering multilayer soil stratification," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 67-78, 1996.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 9] [SCOPUS Times Cited 12]
 Y. Khan, F. R. Pazheri, N. H. Malik, A. A. Al-Arainy, M. I. Qureshi, "Novel approach of estimating grounding rod optimum dimensions in high resistivity soils," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 92, pp. 145-154, 2012.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 5] [SCOPUS Times Cited 7]
 S. Meliopoulos, "Power system grounding and transients: An Introduction (Electrical and Computer Engineering)", pp. 135, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1988.
 E. B. Joy, A. P. Meliopoulos and R. P. Webb, "Touch and Step calculations for substation grounding systems," abstract paper A 79-052-2, IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. 98, no. 4, pp. 1143, 1979.
 J. Trifunovic, M. Kostic, "Analysis of influence of imperfect contact between grounding electrodes and surrounding soil on electrical properties of grounding loops," Electrical Engineering, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 255-265, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 9]
 Jovan Nahmana, Ivica Paunovicb, "Mesh voltages at earthing grids buried in multi-layer soil," Electrical Power Systems Research, vol. 80, no 5, pp. 556-561, May 2010.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 11] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]
 Guemes, J.A., Hernando, F.E, "Method for calculating the ground resistance of grounding grids using FEM," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 595-600, April 2004.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 32] [SCOPUS Times Cited 51]
 IEEE Std 142-2007 (Revision of IEEE Std 142-1991) - IEEE Recommended practice for grounding of industrial and commercial power systems.
 V. Amoruso, M. Savino, M. Sylos Labini, "Analysis of large grounding systems for earth-resistance measurements in two layer soils," IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 182-194, May 1989.
 G. F. Tagg, "Earth resistances", pp. 161-177, George Newues Limited, 1964.
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 177 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 234 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 8 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 11 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2019-08-15 15:51 in 83 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Clarivate Analytics.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.