|1/2014 - 11|
Face Recognition using Similarity Pattern of Image Directional Edge ResponseBASHAR, F. , KHAN, A. , AHMED, F. , KABIR, H.
|Click to see author's profile on SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (907 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 533 | Views: 1,938|
discrete cosine transform, face recognition, feature extraction, image texture analysis, pattern analysis
recognition(31), face(25), pattern(17), local(11), analysis(10), image(8), binary(6), vision(5), machine(5), information(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2014-02-28
Volume 14, Issue 1, Year 2014, On page(s): 69 - 76
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2014.01011
Web of Science Accession Number: 000332062300011
SCOPUS ID: 84894635007
An effective face descriptor is critical for a successful face recognition system and must overcome the challenges of changing environment. The face representation must have discriminatory information and be computationally feasible for any face recognition system. In this paper we propose a new face descriptor, Similarity Pattern of Image Directional Edge Response (SPIDER), for face recognition. An image is divided into smaller local regions and 8 directional edge responses are generated for each pixel position in the regions. The regional cumulative response of each direction is calculated and a histogram is generated consisting of 8 bins, one for each of the directions. The SPIDER code is generated by calculating the similarity between the histogram of the local region around each pixel against the histogram of neighbor regions. The feature vector is projected to a low-dimension vector space using a dimension reduction method to minimize the classification time. Experiments using the proposed method were carried out on the FERET database and results show improved recognition rates indicating the robustness to changing environment, and a low classification time compared to the existing methods.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| M. D. Kelly, "Visual Identification of people by computer", PhD Thesis, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, 1971
 W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, P. J. Phillips and A. Rosenfeld, "Face Recognition: A Literature Survey", ACM Computing Surveys, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 399-458, 2003.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 2319] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3479]
 D. S. Kim, I. J. Jeon, S. Y. Lee, P. K. Rhee and D. J. Chung, "Embedded face recognition based on fast genetic algorithm for intelligent digital photography," IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 52, no. 3, pp.726-734, 2006.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 16] [SCOPUS Times Cited 22]
 F. Zuo and P. H. N. de With, "Real-time embedded face recognition for smart home", IEEE Transaction on Consumer Electronics, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 183-190, 2005.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 44] [SCOPUS Times Cited 59]
 T. Jabid, M. H. Kabir, and O. Chae, "Local Directional Pattern (LDP) for face recognition", International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Conrol, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 2423-2437, 2012
 M. A. Turk and A. P. Pentland, "Face recognition using eigenfaces," International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE, 1991, pp. 586-591.
 J. R. Movellan, M.S. Bartlett and T. J. Senjnowski, "Face recognition by independent component analysis," IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 13, pp.1450-1465, 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 820] [SCOPUS Times Cited 1185]
 C. Zhou, X. Wei, Q. Zhang and B. Xiao, "Image reconstruction for face recognition based on fast ICA", International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1723-1732, 2008.
 K. Etemad and R. Chellappa, "Discriminant Analysis for recognition of human face images," Journal of the optical Society of America, vol.14, pp. 1724-1733, 1997.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 396] [SCOPUS Times Cited 533]
 A. F. Frangi, J. Yang, D. Zhang and J. Y. Yang, "Two-dimensional PCA: a new approach to appearance-based face representation and recognition," IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 26, pp. 131-137, 2004.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1311] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2000]
 I. G. P. Wijaya, K. Uchimura and Z. Hu, "Face recognition based on dominant frequency features and multi-resolution metric," International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, vol.5, no.3, pp. 641-651, 2009.
 Y. Zana and R. M. C. Jr., "Face recognition based on polar frequency features," ACM Transactions on Applied Perception, vol.3, no.1, pp. 62-82, 2006.
 B. Moghaddam, T. Jebara and A. Pentland, "Bayesian Face Recognition," Pattern Recognition, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1771-1782, 2000.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 288] [SCOPUS Times Cited 391]
 J. Zhou, Q. Ji and G. Nagy, "A comparative study of local matching approach for face recognition," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2617-2628, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 142] [SCOPUS Times Cited 205]
 L. Wiskott, J. M.Fellous, N. Kuiger and C. von der Malsburg, "Face recognition using elastic bunch graph matching," IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 775-779, 1997.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1438] [SCOPUS Times Cited 1949]
 P. S. Penev and J. Atick, "Local feature analysis: A general statistical theory for object representation", Network: Computation in Neural Systems, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 477-500, 1996.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 305]
 J. Kim, J. Choi and J. Yi, "Face recognition based on locally salient ICA information", Biometric Authentication Workshop, pp. 1-9, 2004.
 V. V. Starovoitov, D. I. Samal and D. V. Biriliuk, "Three approaches for face recognition," International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, 2002, pp. 707-7011.
 R. Jafri and H. R. Arabnia, "A survey of face recognition techniques," Journal of Information Processing Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 41-68, 2009.
 T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen and T. Maenpaa, "Multiresolution gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification with local binary patterns," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 24, no. 7, pp.971-987, 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 4110] [SCOPUS Times Cited 5887]
 T. Ahonen, A. Hadid and M. Pietikainen, "Face description with local binary patterns: Application to face recognition," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol.28, no.12, pp.2037-2041, 2006.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1637] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2366]
 R. Mattivi and L. Shao, "Human action recognition using LBP-TOP as sparse spatio-temporal feature descriptor", Proc. of International Conference of Computer Analysis of Image and Pattern, pp. 740-747,
 S. Zhao, Y. Gao and B. Zhang, "Sobel-LBP," IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 2008, pp. 2144-2147.
 F. Ahmed, E. Hossain, A. S. M. H. Bari, M. S. Hossen, "Compound Local Binary Pattern (CLBP) for rotation invariant texture classification", International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 5-10, 2011.
 X. Tran and B. Triggs, "Enhanced local texture feature sets for face recognition under difficult lighting conditions," Analysis and Modeling of Faces and Gestures, pp. 168-182, 2007.
 O. Deniz, G. Bueno, J. Salido and F. de la Torre, "Face recognition using Histogram of Oriented Gradients," Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1598-1603, 2011.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 84] [SCOPUS Times Cited 138]
 T. Jabid, M. H. Kabir and O. Chae, "Local Directional Pattern (LDP) for face recognition," International Conference on Consumer Electronics, pp. 329-330, 2010.
 J. Huang, P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler and P. Rauss, "The FERET database and evaluation procedure for face recognition algorithms," Image and Vision Computing, vol.16, no.5, pp. 295-306, 1998.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 960]
 Y. Mu, S. Yan, Y. Liu, S. T.Huang and B. Zhou, "Discriminative local binary patterns for human detection in personal album," IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2008, pp. 1-8.
 Z. Sun, T. Tan and X. Qiu, "Graph matching iris image blocks with local binary pattern," Advances in Biometrics, 2005, pp. 366-372.
 X. Wang, H. Gong, H. Zhang, B .Li and Z. Zhuang, "Palm print Identification using Boosting Local Binary Pattern," International Conference on Pattern Recognition, 2006, pp. 503-506.
 R. C. Gonzalez, Digital Image Processing, Pearson, 2007
 Z. P. Rod, R. Adams, and H. Bolouri Dimensionality Reduction of Face Images Using Discrete Cosine Transforms for Recognition, IEEE Conference of Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition,
 J. Beveridge, D. Bolme, B. Draper, and M. Teixeira, "The CSU face identification evaluation system: Its purpose, features, and structure", Machine Vision and Applications, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 128-138, 2005.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 51] [SCOPUS Times Cited 76]
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 13,921 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 18,290 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 398 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 523 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2017-02-17 15:25 in 115 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.