|2/2016 - 3|
Noise Minimization in CMOS Current Mode Circuits That Employ Differential Input StageYESIL, A. , OZENLI, D. , ARSLAN, E. , KACAR, F.
|Click to see author's profile in SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (1,873 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 515 | Views: 2,311|
noise minimization, current mode circuits, DDCC, DVCC, input referred noise, active elements
current(13), circuits(13), mode(9), cmos(9), voltage(7), systems(6), signal(6), conveyors(6), applications(6), ddcc(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2016-05-31
Volume 16, Issue 2, Year 2016, On page(s): 19 - 24
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2016.02003
Web of Science Accession Number: 000376996100003
SCOPUS ID: 84974853816
In this paper, a new noise minimization approach is proposed for CMOS current-mode (CM) circuits whose input stage is differential. This is realized by focusing on input stage and some output stage transistors' transconductance. Effect of output stage over the noise model depends on output stage's operation. This minimization is introduced to designers as a trade-off between design parameters and noise reduction. Analyses are presented in basis of Differential Difference Current Conveyor (DDCC) for simplicity. To reinforce theoretical concept, simulation results are given both in schematic and layout based. Moreover, a DDCC filter application, which has single input and four outputs is presented to verify theoretical minimization approach. After minimization, it is shown that significant noise reduction is obtained up to 50%. In addition, Monte Carlo analysis is given in order to investigate process variations and temperature effects on measured input referred noise.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| E. Bruun, "Analysis of the Noise Characteristics of CMOS Current Conveyors", Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process., vol. 12 pp. 71-78, 1997. |
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 18] [SCOPUS Times Cited 22]
 T. M. Hassan, S. A. Mahmoud, "New CMOS DVCC Realization and Applications to Instrumentation Amplifier and Active-RC Filters," AEU - Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 641, pp. 47-55, 2010.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 51] [SCOPUS Times Cited 59]
 M. Kumngern, F. Khateb, K. Dejhan, et al. "Voltage-Mode Multifunction Biquadratic Filters Using New Ultra-Low-Power Differential Difference Current Conveyors," Radioengineering, vol. 22, pp. 448-457, 2013
 E. Yuce, "Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filters Employing a Single DVCC and Grounded Capacitors," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 58, pp. 2216-2221, 2009.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 36] [SCOPUS Times Cited 38]
 H. P. Chen, "High-Input Impedance Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filter with Four Grounded Components and Only Two Plus-Type DDCCs," Act. Passiv. Electron. Components, pp. 1-5, 2010.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 16]
 E. Bruun, "Noise Properties of CMOS Current Conveyors," In 1996 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. Circuits and Systems Connecting the World. ISCAS 96, 1, pp. 144-147, 1996.
 E. Arslan, A. Morgul, "Self-Biasing Current Conveyor for High Frequency Applications," J. Circuits, Syst. Comput., vol. 21, pp. 1250039, 2012
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 9]
 G. Ferri, N. C. Guerrini, "Noise Determination in Differential Pair-Based Second Generation Current Conveyors," Analog Integr. Circuits Signal Process., vol. 41, pp. 35-46, 2004.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 17] [SCOPUS Times Cited 18]
 G. Palmisano, G. Palumbo, S. Pennisi, "CMOS Current Amplifiers", vol. 499, Springer Science & Business Media, 1999.
 G. Ferri, N. C. Guerrini, "Low-Voltage Low-Power CMOS Current Conveyors," Springer Science & Business Media, 2003.
 H. O. Elwan, A. M. Soliman, "Novel CMOS Differential Voltage Current Conveyor and Its Applications," IEE Proceedings Circuits, Devices & Systems, vol.14, pp. 195-200, 1997
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 324] [SCOPUS Times Cited 383]
 W. Chiu, S. I. Liu, H. W. Tsao, J. J. Chen, "CMOS Differential Difference Current Conveyors and Their Applications," IEE Proceedings-Circuits, Devices and Systems, vol. 143, pp. 91-96. 1996.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 312] [SCOPUS Times Cited 359]
 W. Y. Chiu, J. W. Horng, "Voltage-Mode Highpass, Bandpass, Lowpass and Notch Biquadratic Filters Using Single DDCC," Radioengineering, vol. 21, pp. 297-303, 2012.
 S. Maheshwari, "Analogue Signal Processing Applications Using a New Circuit Topology," IET circuits, devices & systems, vol. 3, pp. 106-115, 2009.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 45] [SCOPUS Times Cited 59]
 T. Tsukutani, Y. Sumi, N. Yabuki, "Novel Current-Mode Biquadratic Circuit Using Only Plus Type DO-DVCCs and Grounded Passive Components," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 94, pp. 1137-1146, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 23] [SCOPUS Times Cited 29]
 S. Minaei, M. A. Ibrahim, "General Configuration for Realizing Current-Mode First-Order All-Pass Filter Using DVCC," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 92, pp. 347-356, 2005
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 59] [SCOPUS Times Cited 75]
 S. Minaei, M. A. Ibrahim, "A Mixed-Mode KHN-Biquad Using DVCC and Grounded Passive Elements Suitable for Direct Cascading," International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, vol.37, pp. 793-810, 2009
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 68] [SCOPUS Times Cited 68]
 J. W. Horng, C. L. Hou, C. M. Chang, et al. "First-Order Allpass Filter and Sinusoidal Oscillators Using DDCCs," International Journal of Electronics, vol. 93, pp. 457-466, 2006
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 64] [SCOPUS Times Cited 74]
 V. Aggarwal, "Novel Canonic Current Mode DDCC Based SRCO Synthesized Using a Genetic Algorithm," Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 40, pp. 83-85, 2004
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 26] [SCOPUS Times Cited 30]
 M. Kumngern, "Precision Full-Wave Rectifier Using Two DDCCs," Circuits and Systems, vol. 2, pp. 127-132, 2011
 M. A. Ibrahim, S. Minaei, E. Yuce, et al. "Lossy/lossless Floating/Grounded Inductance Simulation Using One DDCC," Radioengineering, vol. 21, pp. 3-10, 2012.
 E. Yuce, "New Low Component Count Floating Inductor Simulators Consisting of a Single DDCC," Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 58, pp. 61-66, 2009.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 19] [SCOPUS Times Cited 19]
 U. Torteanchai, M. Kumngern, K. Dejhan, "A CMOS Log-Antilog Current Multiplier/Divider Circuit Using DDCC," TENCON IEEE Region 10 Conference, pp. 634-637, 2011.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]
 B. Razavi, "Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits", McGraw-Hill Series in Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2000.
 J. W. Horng, "High Input Impedance Voltage-Mode Universal Biquadratic Filter with Three Inputs Using DDCCs," Circuits, Syst. Signal Process., vol. 27, pp. 553-562, 2008.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 42] [SCOPUS Times Cited 49]
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 1,114 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 1,310 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 43 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 50 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2021-03-04 04:17 in 121 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Clarivate Analytics.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.