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HiGIS: An Open Framework for High Performance Geographic Information SystemXIONG, W. , CHEN, L.
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high performance computing, geographic information system, geocomputation, communicating sequential process
parallel(10), computing(8), cloud(7), system(6), data(6), processing(5), geospatial(5), remote(4), performance(4), high(4)
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About this article
Date of Publication: 2015-08-31
Volume 15, Issue 3, Year 2015, On page(s): 123 - 132
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2015.03018
Web of Science Accession Number: 000360171500018
SCOPUS ID: 84940739658
/Big data/ era expose many challenges to geospatial data management, geocomputation and cartography. There is no exception in geographic information systems (GIS) community. Technologies and facilities of high performance computing (HPC) become more and more feasible to researchers, while mobile computing, ubiquitous computing, and cloud computing are emerging. But traditional GIS need to be improved to take advantages of all these evolutions. We proposed and implemented a GIS married with high performance computing, which is called HiGIS. The goal of HiGIS is to promote the performance of geocomputation by leveraging the power of HPC, and to build an open framework for geospatial data storing, processing, displaying and sharing. In this paper the architecture, data model and modules of the HiGIS system are introduced. A geocomputation scheduling engine based on communicating sequential process was designed to exploit spatial analysis and processing. Parallel I/O strategy using file view was proposed to improve the performance of geospatial raster data access. In order to support web-based online mapping, an interactive cartographic script was provided to represent a map. A demostration of locating house was used to manifest the characteristics of HiGIS. Parallel and concurrency performance experiments show the feasibility of this system.
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