|4/2014 - 15|
Mathematical Formula Search using Natural Language QueriesYANG, S. , KO, Y.
|Click to see author's profile in SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (826 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 306 | Views: 2,163|
information retrieval, formula search, MathML, natural language query, classification
search(10), retrieval(10), information(8), math(7), digital(7), mathml(6), management(5), library(5), knowledge(5), kamali(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2014-11-30
Volume 14, Issue 4, Year 2014, On page(s): 99 - 104
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2014.04015
Web of Science Accession Number: 000348772500015
SCOPUS ID: 84921625581
This paper presents how to search mathematical formulae written in MathML when given plain words as a query. Since the proposed method allows natural language queries like the traditional Information Retrieval for the mathematical formula search, users do not need to enter any complicated math symbols and to use any formula input tool. For this, formula data is converted into plain texts, and features are extracted from the converted texts. In our experiments, we achieve an outstanding performance, a MRR of 0.659. In addition, we introduce how to utilize formula classification for formula search. By using class information, we finally achieve an improved performance, a MRR of 0.690.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| M. E. Altamimi and A. Youssef, "A Math Query Language with an Expanded Set of Wildcards," Mathematics in Computer Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 305-331, 2008. |
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]
 A. Youssef, "Roles of Math Search in Mathematics," in Proc. Mathematical Knowledge Management, pp. 2-16, 2006.
 A. Youssef, "Relevance Ranking and Hit Description in Math Search," Mathematics in Computer Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 333-353, 2008.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 5]
 R. Miner and R. Munavalli, "An Approach to Mathematical Search Through Query Formulation and Data Normalization," in Proc. Mathematical Knowledge Management, pp.342-355, 2007.
 B. R. Miller and A. Youssef, "Augmenting Presentation MathML for Search," in Proc. Mathematical Knowledge Management, pp. 536-542, 2008.
 M. Adeel, H. S. Cheung and S. H. Khiyal, "Math GO! Prototype of A Content Based Mathematical Formula Search Engine," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 1002-1012, 2008.
 J. Misutka and L. Galambos, "Extending Full Text Search Engine for Mathematical Content," in Proc. Towards a Digital Mathematics Library, pp. 55-67, 2008.
 J. Zhao, M. Kan and Y. L. Theng, "Math Information Retrieval: User Requirements and Prototype Implementation," in Proc. Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, pp. 187-196, 2008.
 K. Yokoi and A. Aizawa, "An Approach to Similarity Search for Mathematical Expressions using MathML," in Proc. Towards a Digital Mathematics Library, pp. 27-35, 2009.
 P. D. F. Ion, "Mathematics and the World Wide Web," in Proc. Towards a Digital Mathematics Library, pp. 230-245, 2013.
 S, Kamali and F. W. Tompa, "Structural Similarity Search for Mathematics Retrieval," in Proc. Intelligent Computer Mathematics, pp. 246-262, 2013.
 S, Kamali and F. W. Tompa, "Retrieving Documents with Mathematical Content," in Proc. Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval, pp. 353-362, 2013.
 S. Kamali and F. W. Tompa, "A new mathematics retrieval system," in Proc. Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, pp. 1413-1416, 2010.
 S. Kamali and F. W. Tompa, "Improving Mathematics Retrieval," in Proc. Towards a Digital Mathematics Library, pp. 37-48, 2009.
 S. Kamali, J. Apacible and Y. Hosseinkashi, "Answering Math Queries with Search Engines," in Proc. companion on World Wide Web, pp. 43-52, 2012.
 R. Zanibbi and D. Blostein, "Recognition and Retrieval of Mathematical Expressions," International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, vol. 15, pp 331-357, 2012.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 69] [SCOPUS Times Cited 107]
 M. Nghiem, G. Y. Kristianto and A. Aizawa, "Using MathML Parallel Markup Corpora for Semantic Enrichment of Mathematical Expressions," IEICE Transactions, vol. 96-D, no. 8, pp. 1707-1715, 2013.
 C. Do and E. J. Pauwels, "Using MathML to Represent Units of Measurement for Improved Ontology Alignment," in Proc. Towards a Digital Mathematics Library, pp. 310-325, 2013.
 M. Kohlhase, B. Matican and C. Prodescu, "MathWebSearch 0.5: Scaling an Open Formula Search Engine," in Proc. Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation, pp. 342-357, 2012.
 M. Kohlhase and F. Rabe, "Semantics of OpenMath and MathML3," Mathematics in Computer Science, vol. 6, pp 235-260, 2012.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
 C. Lange, P. Ion, A. Dimou, C. Bratsas, W. Sperber, M. Kohlhase and I. Antoniou, "Bringing Mathematics to the Web of Data: The Case of the Mathematics Subject Classification," in Proc. European Semantic Web Symposium, pp. 763-777, 2012.
 P. Sojka and M. Liska, "Indexing and Searching Mathematics in Digital Libraries - Architecture, Design and Scalability Issues," in Proc. Mathematical Knowledge Management, pp. 228-243, 2011.
 P. Sojka and M. Liska, "The Art of Mathematics Retrieval," in Proc. ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, pp. 57-60, 2011.
 H. Ferreira and D. Freitas, "Audio-Math: Towards Automatic Readings of Mathematical Expressions," in Proc. Human Computer Interaction International, 2005.
 L. Liu and W. B. Croft, "Cluster-Based Retrieval Using Language Models," In Proc. Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval, pp. 186-193, 2004.
 Y. K. Jain and S. Wadekar, "Classification-based Retrieval Methods to Enhance Information Discovery on the Web," International Journal of Managing Information Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 33-44, 2011
 S. Kim, S. Yang and Y. Ko, "Classifying Mathematical Expressions Written in MathML," IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems, vol. E95-D, no. 10, pp. 2560-2563, 2012.
 P. Refaeilzadeh, L. Tang and H. Liu, "Cross-validation," Encyclopedia of Database Systems. pp. 532-538, 2009.
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 69 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 129 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 2 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 4 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2020-01-25 01:44 in 89 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Clarivate Analytics.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.