|2/2014 - 6|
A Blind High-Capacity Wavelet-Based Steganography Technique for Hiding Images into other ImagesHAMAD, S. , KHALIFA, A. , ELHADAD, A.
|Click to see author's profile on SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (1,290 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 381 | Views: 1,629|
blindness, digital images, discrete wavelet transforms, information security, payloads
image(16), wavelet(15), watermarking(12), processing(12), signal(10), hiding(10), steganography(9), information(9), transform(7), images(7)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2014-05-31
Volume 14, Issue 2, Year 2014, On page(s): 35 - 42
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2014.02006
Web of Science Accession Number: 000340868100006
SCOPUS ID: 84901834430
The flourishing field of Steganography is providing effective techniques to hide data into different types of digital media. In this paper, a novel technique is proposed to hide large amounts of image data into true colored images. The proposed method employs wavelet transforms to decompose images in a way similar to the Human Visual System (HVS) for more secure and effective data hiding. The designed model can blindly extract the embedded message without the need to refer to the original cover image. Experimental results showed that the proposed method outperformed all of the existing techniques not only imperceptibility but also in terms of capacity. In fact, the proposed technique showed an outstanding performance on hiding a secret image whose size equals 100% of the cover image while maintaining excellent visual quality of the resultant stego-images.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| P. Davern and M. Scott, "Steganography: Its history and its application to computer based data files," Dublin City University, School of Computer Applications1995.|
 A. Cheddad, J. Condell, K. Curran, and P. Mc Kevitt, "Digital image steganography: Survey and analysis of current methods," Signal Processing, vol. 90, pp. 727-752, 2010.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 252] [SCOPUS Times Cited 459]
 R. Anderson, R. Needham, and A. Shamir, "The steganographic file system," in Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Information Hiding, 1998, pp. 74-84.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 22]
 S. Murdoch and S. Lewis, "Embedding Covert Channels into TCP/IP," in Information Hiding. vol. 3727, M. Barni, J. Herrera-Joancomarti, S. Katzenbeisser, and F. Perez-Gonzalez, Eds., ed: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, pp. 247-261.
 W. Kai, G. Lavoue, F. Denis, and A. Baskurt, "A Comprehensive Survey on Three-Dimensional Mesh Watermarking," Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 10, pp. 1513-1527, 2008.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 51] [SCOPUS Times Cited 75]
 A. Khalifa and A. Atito, "High-capacity DNA-based steganography," in Informatics and Systems (INFOS), 2012 8th International Conference on, 2012, pp. BIO-76-BIO-80.
 G. Thirugnanam and S. Arulselvi, "Wavelet Packet based Robust Digital Image Watermarking and Extraction using Independent Component Analysis," International Journal of Signal & Image Processing, vol. 1, pp. 80 - 87, 2010.
 S. K. Jinna and L. Ganesan, "Reversible Image data Hiding using Lifting wavelet Transform and Histogram Shifting," IJCSIS, vol. 7, pp. 283-289, 2010.
 M. F. Tolba, M. A. S. Ghonemy, I. A. H. Taha, and A. S. Khalifa, "High capacity image steganography using wavelet-based fusion," in Computers and Communications, 2004. Proceedings. ISCC 2004. Ninth International Symposium on, 2004, pp. 430-435 Vol.1.
 L. Fan, T. Gao, and Q. Yang, "A novel zero-watermark copyright authentication scheme based on lifting wavelet and Harris corner detection," Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 408-414, 2010/10/01 2010.
 C.-C. Wu, Y. Su, T.-M. Tu, C.-P. Chang, and S.-Y. Li, "Saturation Adjustment Scheme of Blind Color Watermarking for Secret Text Hiding," Journal of Multimedia, vol. 5, pp. 248-258, 2010.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2]
 S. Tripathi, N. Ramesh, B. A, and N. K J, "A DWT based Dual Image Watermarking Technique for Authenticity and Watermark Protection," Signal & Image Processing, vol. 1, pp. 33 - 45, 2010.
 D. Neeta, K. Snehal, and D. Jacobs, "Implementation of LSB Steganography and Its Evaluation for Various Bits," in Digital Information Management, 2006 1st International Conference on, 2007, pp. 173-178.
 D.-C. Wu and W.-H. Tsai, "A steganographic method for images by pixel-value differencing," Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 24, pp. 1613-1626, 2003.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 275] [SCOPUS Times Cited 431]
 W.-Y. Chen, "Color image steganography scheme using set partitioning in hierarchical trees coding, digital Fourier transform and adaptive phase modulation," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 185, pp. 432-448, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 20] [SCOPUS Times Cited 31]
 C.-C. Lin and P.-F. Shiu, "High capacity data hiding scheme for dct-based images," Journal of Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing, vol. 1, pp. 220 - 240, 2010.
 H. A.Abdallah, M. M.Hadhoud, A. A.Shaalan, and F. E.AbdElsamie, "Blind wavelet-based image watermarking," International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, vol. 4, pp. 15 - 28, 2011.
 N. Kashyap and G. R. SINHA, "Image Watermarking Using 3-Level Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT)," International Journal of Modern Education & Computer Science, vol. 4, pp. 50 - 56, 2012.
 A. Khan, S. A. Malik, A. Ali, R. Chamlawi, M. Hussain, M. T. Mahmood, et al., "Intelligent reversible watermarking and authentication: Hiding depth map information for 3D cameras," Information Sciences, vol. 216, pp. 155-175, 2012.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 16] [SCOPUS Times Cited 21]
 S. Lagzian, M. Soryani, and M. Fathy, "Robust watermarking scheme based on RDWT-SVD: Embedding data in all subbands," in Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing (AISP), 2011 International Symposium on, 2011, pp. 48-52.
 V. Santhi and A. Thangavelu, "DC coefficients based watermarking techniquefor color images using singular valuedecomposition," International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, vol. 3, pp. 8 - 16, 2011.
 M. Teruya and A. Kentaro, "A blind digital image watermarking method using interval wavelet decomposition," International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, vol. 3, pp. 59 - 72, 2010.
 A. Khalifa and S. Hamad, "A Robust Non-blind Algorithm for Watermarking Color Images using Multi-resolution Wavelet Decomposition," International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 37, 2012.
 L. Sunil, C. D. Yoo, and T. Kalker, "Reversible Image Watermarking Based on Integer-to-Integer Wavelet Transform," Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 2, pp. 321-330, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 123] [SCOPUS Times Cited 184]
 M. Khatirinejad and P. Lisoněk, "Linear codes for high payload steganography," Discrete Applied Mathematics, vol. 157, pp. 971-981, 2009.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 15] [SCOPUS Times Cited 17]
 C. K. Koc, C. Guanrong, and C. K. Chui, "Complexity analysis of wavelet signal decomposition and reconstruction," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 30, pp. 910-918, 1994.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 16]
 N. F. Law and W. C. Siu, "A fast and efficient computational structure for the 2D over-complete wavelet transform," in Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 2003. Proceedings. (ICASSP '03). 2003 IEEE International Conference on, 2003, pp. III-309-12 vol.3.
 V. Ashok, T. Balakumaran, C. Gowrishankar, and I. Vennila, "The fast Haar wavelet transform for signal & image processing," arXiv preprint arXiv:1002.2184, 2010.
 B. Toufik and N. Mokhtar, "The Wavelet Transform for Image Processing Applications," Advances in Wavelet Theory and Their Applications In Engineering, Physics And Technology, pp. 395-422, 2012.
 E. Kawaguchi and R. O. Eason, "Principles and applications of BPCS steganography," 1999, pp. 464-473.
 C.-C. Chang, C.-C. Lin, C.-S. Tseng, and W.-L. Tai, "Reversible hiding in DCT-based compressed images," Information Sciences, vol. 177, pp. 2768-2786, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 102] [SCOPUS Times Cited 155]
 C.-C. Lin and P.-F. Shiu, "DCT-based reversible data hiding scheme," presented at the Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication, Suwon, Korea, 2009.
 M. F. Tolba, M. A.-S. Ghoniemy, I. A.-H. Taha, and A. S. Khalifa, "Reliable blind informamtion hiding into colored images using reversible wavelet transforms," I. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 12, pp. 133-140, 2005.
 J. Spaulding, H. Noda, M. N. Shirazi, and E. Kawaguchi, "BPCS steganography using EZW lossy compressed images," Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 23, pp. 1579-1587, 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 50] [SCOPUS Times Cited 65]
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 914 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 1,478 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 26 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 42 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2016-12-05 13:07 in 83 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.