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Rich: Region-based Intelligent Cluster-Head Selection and Node Deployment Strategy in Concentric-based WSNsFAN, C.-S.
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clustering methods, energy consumption, wireless sensor networks, energy efficiency, routing protocols
sensor(25), networks(23), deployment(8), lifetime(4), information(4), energy(4), communications(4)
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About this article
Date of Publication: 2013-11-30
Volume 13, Issue 4, Year 2013, On page(s): 3 - 8
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2013.04001
Web of Science Accession Number: 000331461300001
SCOPUS ID: 84890143555
In a random deployment, sensor nodes are scattered randomly in the sensing field. Hence, the coverage can not be guaranteed. In contrast, the coverage of uniformly deployment is in general larger than the random deployment. However, uniformly deployment strategy may cause unbalanced traffic pattern in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this situation, larger load may be imposed to CHs (cluster heads) around the sink. Therefore, CHs close to the sink use up their energy earlier than those farther away from the sink. To overcome this problem, we propose a novel node deployment strategy in the concentric model, namely, Region-based Intelligent Cluster-Head selection and node deployment strategy (called Rich). The coverage, energy consumption and data routing issues are well investigated and taken into consideration in the proposed Rich scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed Rich alleviates the unbalanced traffic pattern significantly, prolongs network lifetime and achieves satisfactory coverage ratio.
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Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
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