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An Electronically Tunable Transconductance Amplifier for Use in Auditory ProsthesesFARAGO, P. , FARAGO, C. , OLTEAN, G. , HINTEA, S.
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analog processing circuits, cochlear implants, low-power electronics, operational transconductance amplifier, programmable circuits
cmos(8), circuits(7), amplifier(6), systems(4), signal(4), sarpeshkar(4), processing(4), power(4), farago(4), design(4)
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About this article
Date of Publication: 2015-11-30
Volume 15, Issue 4, Year 2015, On page(s): 95 - 100
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2015.04013
Web of Science Accession Number: 000368499800012
SCOPUS ID: 84949945758
Low-voltage and low-power trends in analog electronics enable novel features in modern bio-medical devices, such as extensive portability, autonomy and even battery-less operation. One specific example is the cochlear implant (CI), which emulates the physiology of hearing to produce auditory sensations via neural stimulation. Besides low-voltage and low-power operation, a key feature in modern CIs is wide-range programmability of the speech processing parameters. This paper proposes an operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) for use in CIs, with wide-range electronic tuning of the transconductance value. The proposed OTA is developed around a cascade of two transconductor stages, making the transconductance dependent on the bias current ratio. A combination of linearization techniques: bulk input, parallel differential pairs and feedback, is used to achieve sufficient linear range for CI speech processing. Wide-range parameter tuning of the speech processing sections is illustrated on a variable gain amplifier, a bandpass Tow-Thomas biquad and an envelope detector. Finally, the complete CI speech processing chain is illustrated. The proposed OTA and its employment in CI analog speech processing are validated on a 350 nm CMOS process.
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