|3/2015 - 9|
Verification of Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Protection by using the Monte Carlo MethodKRSTIVOJEVIC, J. P. , DJURIC, M. B.
|Click to see author's profile in SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (1,603 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 257 | Views: 1,498|
power transformer, power system protection, transformer earth fault protection, current transformer saturation, measurements, Monte Carlo method
power(18), transformer(15), protection(10), current(10), systems(8), transformers(7), protective(5), inrush(5), fault(5), electric(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2015-08-31
Volume 15, Issue 3, Year 2015, On page(s): 65 - 72
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2015.03009
Web of Science Accession Number: 000360171500009
SCOPUS ID: 84940757874
The results of a comprehensive investigation of the influence of current transformer (CT) saturation on restricted earth fault (REF) protection during power transformer magnetization inrush are presented. Since the inrush current during switch-on of unloaded power transformer is stochastic, its values are obtained by: (i) laboratory measurements and (ii) calculations based on the input data obtained by the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. To make a detailed assessment of the current transformer performance the uncertain input data for the CT model were obtained by applying the MC method. In this way, different levels of remanent flux in CT core are taken into consideration. By the generated CT secondary currents, the algorithm for REF protection based on phase comparison in time domain is tested. On the basis of the obtained results, a method of adjustment of the triggering threshold in order to ensure safe operation during transients, and thereby improve the algorithm security, has been proposed. The obtained results indicate that power transformer REF protection would be enhanced by using the proposed adjustment of triggering threshold in the algorithm which is based on phase comparison in time domain.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| CIGRE Study Committee C4, "Transformer Energization in Power Systems: A Study Guide," WG C4.307, Brochure 568, pp. 1-126, 2014.
 F. M. Gatta, A. Geri, S. Lauria, M. Maccioni, A. Santarpia, "An ATP-EMTP Monte Carlo procedure for backflashover rate evaluation: A comparison with the CIGRE method," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 113, pp. 134-140, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 15] [SCOPUS Times Cited 15]
 J. A. Martinez-Velasco, G. Guerra, "Parallel Monte Carlo approach for distribution reliability assessment," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 8, issue: 11, pp. 1810 - 1819, 2014.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 14]
 A. Sluzalec, "Identification of Random Material Parameters in Eddy Current Problems," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 14, no. 1, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [SCOPUS Times Cited 1]
 A. Guzman, H. J. Altuve, G. Benmouyal, "Electric Power Transformer Engineering", pp. 353-381, Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2004.
 IEEE Standard C37.91, "IEEE Guide for Protective Relay Applications to Power Transformers".
 B. Kasztenny, "Impact of transformer inrush currents on sensitive protection functions How to configure adjacent relays to avoid nuisance tripping?," in Proc. 59th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers, 2006., April 2006.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
 A. Kulidjian, B. Kasztenny, B. Campbell, "New magnetizing inrush restraining algorithm for power transformer protection," in Proc. Seventh International Conference on (IEE) Developments in Power System Protection, pp. 181-184, 2001.
 W. K. Sonnemann, C. L. Wagner, G. D. Rockefeller, "Magnetizing inrush phenomena in transformer banks," Power Apparatus and Systems, Part III. Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, vol. 77, issue: 3, pp. 884-892, 1958.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 55]
 R. J. Negreiros Alencar, U. H. Bezerra, A. M. Damasceno Ferreira, "A method to identify inrush currents in power transformers protection based on the differential current gradient," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 111, pp. 78-84, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 21] [SCOPUS Times Cited 25]
 IEEE Power Engineering Society, "Transient response of current transformers," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. 96, issue: 6, pp. 1809 - 1814, 1977.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 29]
 IEEE Standard C37.110, "IEEE Guide for the Application of Current Transformers Used for Protective Relaying Purposes".
 E. C. Wentz; W. K. Sonnemann, "Current Transformers and Relays for High-Speed Differential Protection with Particular Reference to Offset Transient Currents," Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, vol. 59, issue: 8, pp. 481-488, 1940.
 D. Y. Shi, J. Buse, Q.H. Wu, C. X. Guo, "Current transformer saturation compensation based on a partial nonlinear model," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 97, pp. 34-40, 2013.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 5]
 N. G. Chothani, B. R. Bhalja, "New Algorithm for current transformer saturation detection and compensation based on derivatives of secondary currents and Newtons backward difference formulae," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 8 , issue: 5, pp. 841-850, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 11] [SCOPUS Times Cited 17]
 J. Dickert, R. Luxenburger, P. Schegner, "Investigation on the Behavior of the Remanence Level of Protective Current Transformers," in Proc. International Symposium, Modern electric power systems; MEPS'06, pp. 348-353, ISBN 9788392131526
 R. Hunt, "Impact of CT Errors on Protective Relays - Case Studies and Analysis," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 48, issue: 1, pp. 52-61, 2011.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 5]
 T. Sezi, "A new approach for transformer ground differential protection," in Proc. IEEE Transmission and Distribution Conference, Apr 1999., vol. 1, pp. 394-399.
 R. E. Jr. Cosse, W. H. Nichols, "The Practice of Ground Differential Relaying," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1472-1479, 1994.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 6] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
 N. T. Stringer, G. Dalke, "Ground differential protection: revisited," in Proc. Industrial & Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference, IEEE, 1999, pp. 1-8.
 J. C. Tan; H. Wei, "A New Restricted Earth Fault Protection," in Proc. Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, CCECE 2007, Vancouver, April 2007, pp. 276-279.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2]
 P. E. Sutherland, "Application of transformer ground differential protection relays," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 36, issue: 1, pp. 16-21, 2000.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 18]
 J. Krstivojevic, M. Djuric, "A New Method of Improving Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Protection," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 14; no. 3: pp. 41-48, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 5] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
 D. A. Tziouvaras, P. McLaren, G. Alexander, D. Dawson, J. Esztergalyos, C. Fromen, M. Glinkowski, et al., "Mathematical Models for Current, Voltage, and Coupling Capacitor Voltage Transformers," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 62-72, 2000.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 99] [SCOPUS Times Cited 164]
 P. Bastard, P. Bertrand, M. Meunier "A Transformer Model for Winding Fault Studies," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 690-699, 1994.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 185]
 J. Mikulovic, M. Savic, "Calculation of transients in transformer winding and determination of winding parameters," Electrical Engineering, vol. 89, issue 4, pp 293-300, 2007.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 6] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]
 A. Koochaki, S. M. Kouhsari, "Detailed Simulation of Transformer Internal Fault in Power System by Diakoptical Concept," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 48-54, 2010.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]
 R. Holmgren, R. S. Jenkins, J. Riubrugent, "Transformer Inrush Current," CIGRE paper 12-03, CIGRE Paris, pp. 1-13, 1968. [Online]. Available: http://www.e-cigre.org/Order/select.asp?ID=7471
 M. Davarpanah, M. Sanaye-Pasand, R. Iravani, "Performance Enhancement of the Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Relay," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 28, issue: 1, pp. 467-474, 2013,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 4] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 167 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 574 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 6 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 19 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2018-10-21 21:34 in 173 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Clarivate Analytics.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.