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PUBLISHER

Stefan cel Mare
University of Suceava
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science
13, Universitatii Street
Suceava - 720229
ROMANIA

Print ISSN: 1582-7445
Online ISSN: 1844-7600
WorldCat: 644266260
doi: 10.4316/AECE


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2016-Jun-14
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  3/2013 - 1
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Multi-Layer Real-Time Support for JVM-based Smart Phone Systems

WOO, Y. See more information about WOO, Y. on SCOPUS See more information about WOO, Y. on IEEExplore See more information about WOO, Y. on Web of Science, LIM, D. See more information about  LIM, D. on SCOPUS See more information about  LIM, D. on SCOPUS See more information about LIM, D. on Web of Science, JUNG, Y. See more information about  JUNG, Y. on SCOPUS See more information about  JUNG, Y. on SCOPUS See more information about JUNG, Y. on Web of Science, SEO, E. See more information about SEO, E. on SCOPUS See more information about SEO, E. on SCOPUS See more information about SEO, E. on Web of Science
 
Click to see author's profile on See more information about the author on SCOPUS SCOPUS, See more information about the author on IEEE Xplore IEEE Xplore, See more information about the author on Web of Science Web of Science

Download PDF pdficon (951 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 723 | Views: 2,086

Author keywords
real-time schedulers, scheduling algorithm, smart phones, Java, virtual machines

References keywords
time(17), real(16), presented(11), systems(8), embedded(7), linux(6), operating(5), mobile(4), kernel(4), java(4)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2013-08-31
Volume 13, Issue 3, Year 2013, On page(s): 3 - 10
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2013.03001
Web of Science Accession Number: 000326321600001
SCOPUS ID: 84884936498

Abstract
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Employing the Java virtual machine (JVM) architecture provides smart phone systems stability and security by sandboxing third-party applications and controlling their behavior. However, the JVM layer hinders applications from notifying the operating system scheduler about their timeliness requirements; therefore, applications sometimes fail to respond on time. In order to improve the responsiveness of smart phone applications, this paper proposes two schemes. First, for existing applications that cannot be rebuilt, we modify the kernel scheduler to value task priorities over fairness. Second, we propose cross-layer real-time support APIs to deliver applications' priorities to the kernel scheduler, which will help developers to add real-time scheduling support to their applications. Our prototype demonstrates that the suggested schemes dramatically improve response times and throughputs of prioritized applications.


References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

[1] L. Ravindranath, J. Padhye, S. Agarwal, R. Mahajan, I. Obermiller, and S. Shayandeh, "AppInsight: Mobile App Performance Monitoring in the Wild," presented at the Proceedings of the 10th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, 2012.

[2] N. Vallina-Rodriguez, P. Hui, J. Crowcroft, and A. Rice, "Exhausting battery statistics: understanding the energy demands on mobile handsets," presented at the Proceedings of the second ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Networking, systems, and applications on mobile handhelds, 1851327, 2010.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 23]


[3] Y.-H. Lee, P. Chandrian, and B. Li, "Efficient Java Native Interface for Android Based Mobile Devices," presented at the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, 2011.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 5]


[4] J. J. Labrosse, MicroC/OS-II : the real-time kernel, 2 ed., CMP Books, 2002.

[5] J. A. Stankovic and R. Rajkumar, "Real-Time Operating Systems," Real-Time Systems, vol. 28, pp. 237-253, 2004.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 36] [SCOPUS Times Cited 46]


[6] S. Oikawa and R. Rajkumar, "Portable RK : a portable resource kernel for guaranteed and enforced timing behavior," presented at the Proceedings of the IEEE Real-Time Technology and Applications Symposium, 1999.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 22] [SCOPUS Times Cited 26]


[7] J. Ready, "VRTX : a real-time operating sytems for embedded microprocessor applications," IEEE Micro, vol. 6, pp. 8-17, 1986.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 19]


[8] C. Maia, L. Nogueria, and L. M. Pinbo, "Evaluating Android OS for Embedded Real-Time Systems," presented at the Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Operating Systems Platforms for Embedded Real-Time Applications, pp. 63-70, 2010.

[9] Y. Woo, J. Cho, D. Lim , and E. Seo, "Cross-layer real-time support for JVM-based smartphone systems," presented at the Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, pp. 592-593, 2012.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 1]


[10] J. W. Muchow, Core J2ME Technology and MIDP, first ed., Prentice Hall PTR, 2001.

[11] G. Bollella and J. Gosling, "The real-time specification for Java," Computer, vol. 33, pp. 47-54, 2000.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 60] [SCOPUS Times Cited 74]


[12] J. C. Pang, G. C. Shoja, and E. G. Manning, "Providing soft real-time quality of service guarantees for Java threads," Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience, vol. 15, pp. 521-538, 2003.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1]


[13] L. Sha, R. Rajkumar, and J. P. Lehoczky, "Priority Inheritance Protocols: An Approach to Real-Time Synchronization," IEEE Transactions on Computers, vol. 39, pp. 1175-1185, 1990.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 561] [SCOPUS Times Cited 1001]


[14] W. v. Hagen, "Real-time and performance improvements in the 2.6 Linux kernel," Linux Journal, vol. 2005, 2005.

[15] S. Kleiman and J. Eykholt, "Interrupts as threads," ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol. 29, pp. 21-26, 1995.
[CrossRef]


[16] E. Seo, J. Jeong, S. Park, J. Kim, and J. Lee, "Catching two rabbits: adaptive real-time support for embedded Linux," Software: Practice and Experience, vol. 39, pp. 531-550, 2009.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]


[17] J. Kay and P. Lauder, "A fair share scheduler," Communnications of the ACM, vol. 31, pp. 44-55, January 1988.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 79]


[18] C. S. Pabla, "Completely fair scheduler," Linux Journal, vol. 2009, 2009.

[19] D. Bovet and M. Cesati, Understanding the Linux Kernel, third ed., O'Reilly Media, 2000.

[20] S. Xi, J. Wilson, C. Lu, and C. Gill, "RT-Xen: Towards real-time hypervisor scheduling in Xen," presented at the Proceedings of the International Conference on Embedded Software, pp.39-48, 2011.

[21] M. Lee, A. S. Krishnakumar, P. Krishnan, N. Singh, and S. Yajnik, "Supporting soft real-time tasks in the Xen hypervisor," presented at the Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGOPS International Conference on Virtual Execution Environment, pp. 97-108, 2010.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 22]


[22] L. J. Guibas and R. Sedgewick, "A dichromatic framework for balanced trees," presented at the Proceedings of IEEE Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, Los Alamitos, CA, USA, 1978.
[CrossRef]


[23] J. Auerbach, D. F. Bacon, B. Blainey, P. Cheng, M. Dawson, M. Fulton, D. Grove, D. Hart, and M. Stoodley, "Design and implementation of a comprehensive real-time Java virtual machine," presented at the Proceedings of the 7th ACM and IEEE international conference on Embedded software, 1289967, 2007.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 33]


[24] C.-t. Man, P. Li, and Y. Li, "Study of Priority Inversion in Embedded Linux," presented at the Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Innovative Computing, Information and Control, 2006.

[25] S. K. Card, T. P. Moran, and A. Newell, The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1983.



References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 683 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 1,332 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 26 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 51 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2016-12-07 07:34 in 90 seconds.




Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters.
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Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania


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