|4/2012 - 9|
A Practical Solution for Time Synchronization in Wireless Sensor NetworksCOCA, E. , POPA, V.
|Click to see author's profile on SCOPUS, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science|
|Download PDF (541 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 584 | Views: 2,932|
time synchronization, wireless sensor node, network protocol, lifetime estimation, clock drift
networks(28), sensor(26), time(15), synchronization(10), energy(10), protocol(8), network(7), link(6), communications(6), sensys(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.
About this article
Date of Publication: 2012-11-30
Volume 12, Issue 4, Year 2012, On page(s): 57 - 62
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2012.04009
Web of Science Accession Number: 000312128400009
SCOPUS ID: 84872786088
Time synchronization in wireless sensor node networks is a hot topic. Many papers present various software algorithms and hardware solutions to keep accurate time information on mobile nodes. In terms of real life applications wireless sensor nodes are preferred in many domains, starting with simple room monitoring and finishing with pipeline surveillance projects. Positioning applications are far more restrictive on timekeeping accuracy, as for the velocity of nodes calculations precise time or time difference values are needed. The accuracy of time information on nodes has to be always correlated with the application requirements. In this paper, we present some considerations regarding time synchronization linked with specific needs for individual practical applications. A practical low energy method of time keeping at node level is proposed and tested. The performances of the proposed solution in terms of short and long term stability and energy requirements are analyzed and compared with existing solutions. Simulation and experimental results, some advantages and disadvantages of the method are presented at the end of the paper.
|References|||||Cited By «-- Click to see who has cited this paper|
| F. Sivrikaya, B. Yener, "Time Synchronization in Sensor Networks: A Survey", Network, IEEE 2004, |
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 330] [SCOPUS Times Cited 473]
 V. Shnayder, C. Borrong, L. Konrad, R. F. Thaddeus, J. Fulford, M. Welsh, "Sensor Networks for Medical Care", Technical Report TR-08-05, Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, 2005.
 J. V. Greunen, J. Rabaey, "Lightweight Time Synchronization for Sensor Networks", Proceedings of the 2nd ACM International Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications (WSNA), San Diego, CA, September 2003,
 J. Elson, L. Girod, D. Estrin, "Fine-grained network time synchronization using reference broadcasts", In Proc. Fifth Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation (OSDI 2002), Boston, MA, December 2002,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 173]
 M. Maroti, B. Kusy, G. Simon, A. Ledeczi, "The flooding time synchronization protocol", In Proc. SenSys'04, Baltimore, MD, November 2004,
 J. Elson, D. Estrin, "Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks", International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS 2001), Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Computing Issues in Wireless Networks and Mobile Computing, San Francisco, USA, April 2001. [CiteSeerX]
 J. Elson, K. Raomer, "Wireless Sensor Networks: A New Regime For Time Synchronization", In Proceedings of the First Workshop on Hot Topics In Networks (HotNets-I), Princeton, New Jersey, October 2002.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 120] [SCOPUS Times Cited 204]
 I. Shames, A. N. Bishop, "Relative Clock Synchronization in Wireless Networks", IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2010,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 9]
 C. Benzaid, A. Saiah, N. Badache, "Secure pairwise broadcast time synchronization in wireless sensor networks", International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems and Workshops (DCOSS), 2011,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 6]
 R. Fengyuan, L. Chuang, L. Feng, "Self-Correcting Time Synchronization Using Reference Broadcast In Wireless Sensor Network", IEEE Wireless Communications, August 2008,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 27] [SCOPUS Times Cited 43]
 D. L. Mills, "Computer Network Time Synchronization: The Network Time Protocol", CRC Press, 2009, ISBN: 978-0849358050
 J. Koo, R. K. Panta, S. Bagchi, L. Montestruque. "A Tale of Two Synchronizing Clocks", In Proc. of the 7th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys'09), pp. 239-252, Nov. 2009,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 27]
 F. Agyei-Ntim, K. E, Newman, "Lifetime Estimation of Wireless Body Area Sensor Networks Using Probabilistic Analysis", Wireless Personal Communications, ISSN 1572-834X,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]
 CodeBlue: Wireless Sensors for Medical Care, [Online] Available: Temporary on-line reference link removed - see the PDF document
 D. Malan, T. Fulford-Jones, M. Welsh, S. Moulton, B., "CodeBlue: An ad hoc sensor network infrastructure for emergency medical care", in Proc. MobiSys / Workshop Appl. Mobile Embedded Syst, Jun. 2004, pp. 12-14. [CiteSeerX]
 I. Fernandez, A. Asensio, I. Gutierrez, J. Garcia, I. Rebollo, J. De No, "Study of the communication distance of a MEMS Pressure Sensor Integrated in a RFID Passive Tag," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 15-18, 2012.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 8] [SCOPUS Times Cited 8]
 A. Sobeih, J. C. Hou, "A simulation framework for sensor networks in J-Sim", Technical Report UIUCDCS-R-2003-2386, 2003.
 Chipcon, "CC2420 Zigbee/IEEE 802.15.4 RF Transceiver", [Online] Available: Temporary on-line reference link removed - see the PDF document
 E. Belding-Royer, C. Perkins, "Evolution and future directions of the ad hoc on-demand distance-vector routing protocol", Ad Hoc Networks Journal, 1(1), 125-150, 2003,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 75]
 E. E, Egbogah, A. O. Fapojuwo, "A survey of system architecture requirements for health care-based wireless sensor networks", vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 4875-49898, Sensors, 2011,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 28] [SCOPUS Times Cited 35]
 S. Cui, R. Madan, A. J. Goldsmith, S, Lall, "Cross-layer energy and delay optimization in small-scale sensor networks", IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 2007, 6, 3688-3699, 2007,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 71] [SCOPUS Times Cited 86]
 L. Shi, A. O, Fapojuwo, "TDMA scheduling with optimized energy efficiency and minimum delay in clustered wireless sensor networks", IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 2010, 9, 927-940,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 58] [SCOPUS Times Cited 88]
 Y. Wu, P. A. Chou, S. Y, Kung, "Minimum-energy multicast in mobile ad hoc networks using network coding", IEEE Trans. Commun. 2005, 53, 1906-1918.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 154] [SCOPUS Times Cited 222]
 P. K, Loh, H. W. Jing, Y, Pan, "Performance evaluation of efficient and reliable routing protocols for fixed-power sensor networks", IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun, 2009, 8, 2328-2335.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 12] [SCOPUS Times Cited 28]
 O. Younis, S. Fahmy, "Distributed Clustering in Ad-Hoc Sensor Networks: A Hybrid, Energy-Efficient Approach", In Proceedings of the The 23rd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, Hong Kong, China, 7-11 March 2004, pp. 629-640.
 A. Rowe, R. Mangharam, R. Rajkumar, "RT-Link: A Time-Synchronized Link Protocol for Energy-Constrained Multi-hop Wireless Networks", 3rd Annual IEEE Communications Society on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, 2006. SECON '06. 2006,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 55]
 Anthony Rowe, Rahul Mangharam, and Raj Rajkumar, "RTLink: A Time-Synchronized Link Protocol for Energy-Constrained Multi-hop Wireless Networks", CMU Tech Report TR05-08, 2005.
 A. Eswaran, A. Rowe, R. Rajkumar, "Nano-RK: an Energy-aware Resource-centric RTOS for Sensor Networks", IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium, 2005,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 85]
 J. Polastre, J. Hill, D. Culler, "Versatile low power media access for wireless sensor networks", SenSys, November 2005,
 W. Ye, J. Heidemann, D. Estrin, "An energy-efficient mac protocol for wireless sensor networks", INFOCOM, June 2002,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3212]
 T. Dam, K. Langendoen, "An adaptive energy-efficient mac protocol for wireless sensor networks", SenSys, November 2003,
 A. El-Hoiydi, J. Decotignie, "Wisemac: An ultra low power mac protocol for the downlink of infrastructure wireless sensor networks", ISCC, 2004,
 V. Rajendran, K. Obraczka, J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, "Energy-efficient, collision-free medium access control for wireless sensor networks", Sensys, 2003,
 ***, MAXIM DS1307 64 x 8, Serial, I2C Real-Time Clock DataSheet, 2008.
 ***, MAXIM DS1338 I2C RTC with 56-Byte NV RAM DataSheet, 2012.
 ***, APPLICATION NOTE 58, "Crystal Considerations with Maxim Real-Time Clocks (RTCs)", 2001.
 ***, MAXIM DS3231 Extremely Accurate I2C-Integrated RTC/TCXO/Crystal, 2010.
 ***, 8-bit Atmel Microcontroller with 4/8/16K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash Datasheet, ATMEL, 05/2011
Web of Science® Citations for all references: 814 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 4,833 TCR
Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 21 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 124 ACR
TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference
We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more
Citations for references updated on 2017-08-17 07:57 in 166 seconds.
Note1: Web of Science® is a registered trademark of Thomson Reuters.
Note2: SCOPUS® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania
All rights reserved: Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering is a registered trademark of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, photocopied, recorded or archived, without the written permission from the Editor. When authors submit their papers for publication, they agree that the copyright for their article be transferred to the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Romania, if and only if the articles are accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints and translations.
Permission for other use: The copyright owner's consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the Editor for such copying. Direct linking to files hosted on this website is strictly prohibited.
Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made by the publishers and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinions or statements appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that all information and opinions formulated in the articles, as well as linguistic accuracy, are the sole responsibility of the author.